Carbon Monoxide Signs
First Aid Tips
Some of the products that should be locked up and out of sight and reach of children and pets include:
- chemicals such as those for cleaning
- alcoholic beverages
- covered trash receptacles
NEVER tell children that medicine is candy, or that it tastes good. Don’t take medicine in front of children since they like to imitate adults.
Have Syrup of Ipecac on hand and only use if instructed to do so by Poison Control or a physician.
When speaking with Poison Control or the doctor, have the container and pills, or object that was in the mouth, and, if possible, the child with you.
For pet poisoning, contact your veterinarian or Poison Control.
PAY PARTICULAR ATTENTION TO:
- Behavioral changes: clumsiness, drowsiness, coma, convulsions, dizziness, mental disturbances, delirium, and level of consciousness.
- Look for color, temperature of skin, lips, and mucous membranes.
- Also temperature, blood pressure, pulse rate, respiratory alterations, sweating
- Eyes: the size and reaction of the pupils.
- Oral signs: burns, discoloration, dryness, excessive salivation, stains, breath odors, pain on swallowing
- Nausea, vomiting: appearance odor, presence of blood, upset stomach
- Diarrhea: appearance, odor, presence of blood.
Strenuous activities should be reduced, eliminated, or rescheduled to the coolest time of the day. Individuals at risk should stay in the coolest available place.
Take Cool Baths Or Showers. Cool water can remove body heat 25 times faster than cool air.
Wear lightweight, light-colored clothing that reflects heat and sunlight.
Drink plenty of water or other non-alcohol fluids. Drink water, fruit juices or sport drinks that can help replenish lost salts and minerals. These are preferable to soft drinks, coffee or alcohol, which can further dehydrate you.
Heat Exhaustion Signs and Symptoms:
- Moist and clammy skin, usually pale
- Pupils dilated
- Normal or subnormal temperature
- Weak, dizzy or faint
- No appetite, nausea
- Rapid, shallow breathing
Lay down and loosen clothing.
Apply cool, wet cloths.
Fan or move victim to an air conditioned room.
Provide sips of water. If nausea occurs, discontinue. If vomiting continues, seek immediate medical attention.
Heat Stroke Signs and Symptoms
HEAT STROKE IS A SEVERE MEDICAL EMERGENCY.
CALL 911 OR GET THE VICTIM TO A HOSPITAL IMMEDIATELY. DELAY CAN BE FATAL.
- Dry hot skin, usually red
- Pupils constricted, later become dilated
- Very high body temperature
- Coma or near coma
- Pulse strong and rapid, becomes weak as damage progresses
- Mental confusion, anxiety, agitation
- Initially deep, rapid breathing becomes shallow and weak as damage progresses.
- Headache, dry mouth, shortness of breath.
- Loss of appetite, nausea, or vomiting.
- Increasing dizziness and weakness, decreased blood pressure.
- Convulsions, sudden collapse, and possible unconsciousness
- Install an early fire/smoke detection system and an approved home alarm system. A smoke detector should be placed as close as possible to bedrooms.
- Close the doors to all bedrooms when you go to bed at night. It can keep fire out long enough to allow escape through windows.
- Extension cords should not be overloaded. Check cords often for fraying and avoid running them under rugs. An extension cord used to connect an appliance should always be the proper size and capacity for the appliance.
- Check your home’s cooling and heating systems to make sure they are clean and in good working order.
- Store flammable liquids in approved containers, outside the home if possible. Never use gasoline, benzene, naphtha, and similar liquids indoors. Their fumes will readily ignite from any kind of spark. Rags soaked with cleaning fluids or turpentine sometimes catch fire by themselves (this is called spontaneous combustion) and they should be safely discarded after use. Also, never smoke while handling flammable liquids.
- When using any type of room or area heating device be sure there is proper ventilation to the outside. Also make sure there is adequate space around the heater and that the floor and nearby walls are properly insulated. Use only the fuel designated for your unit: don’t substitute. Properly store ashes in a metal container outside and away from buildings.
- Develop and practice an emergency escape plan, which gives everyone two ways out of the house: a normal exit, and an alternate one.
- Agree on a way that everyone can sound the alarm.
- Holding a family fire drill is a must. Try your escape plan with the whole family until it works well, and keep practicing it frequently.
- Don’t smoke when you are lying down, or when your judgment is impaired by fatigue, medication, or alcohol.
- Don’t leave young children alone.
What to do When Fire Strikes
Carbon Monoxide Signs
- Read labels and follow all warning and lighting instructions.
- Keep clear space around heating equipment.
- All home fuel burning equipment should be inspected yearly by an expert. Fuel burning heaters used to warm the house should be vented to the outside. If you must use an unvented heater, be sure to leave a window open at least one inch and turn off at night.
- Do not use a gas range or oven for heating a room. Never use a charcoal grill inside. Never close a fireplace vent until the fire is completely extinguished.
- Internal combustion engines; such as automobiles, boats, lawnmowers, and generators produce lethal amounts of CO. Never run these engines in a closed or confined area
- Inspect chimneys, stovepipes, flues, and connectors to be sure they are clean and in good repair.
- If you smell a strong gas odor, turn off the pilot light, and do not operate electrical switches. Call the gas company from another location.
- Turn off heating equipment if you smell fumes, your eyes sting, or you become dizzy or nauseous while it is operating, or if it has a fluttering or yellow flame.
- Do not use a space heater if the ceramic radiants are broken or out of place.
- Never store or use flammable liquids like gasoline, cleaning fluid or paint thinners near heating equipment.
- Never smoke while working with gas powered equipment.
- If your heating equipment has a pilot light and you have trouble keeping it lit or if the control valve is hard to operate, call the gas company to have it serviced.
The West Nile virus naturally infects many different species of birds and can be spread to humans and other animals by mosquito bites.
Prevention & Protection
- Get rid of standing water; empty, remove, cover, or turn upside down any receptacle that would hold water.
- Make sure air conditioner condensation drains
- Keep downspouts and gutters cleared of debris and drain flat roofs
- Stock ornamental ponds with mosquito eating fish
- Change water or scrub vases holding flowers or cuttings and water in bird baths twice each week
- Fill or drain low areas on your property that hold water for longer than 4 to 7 days
- Wear mosquito repellent with DEET
- Avoid being outdoors during peak mosquito activity periods and cover up with long sleeves and long pants when you are outside
- Educate yourself by visiting the West Nile-related web page at: http://new.dhh.louisiana.gov/index.cfm/faq/category70
Severe Thunderstorm Watch: advises when and where severe thunderstorms are most likely to occur. Watch the sky and stay tuned to TV or radio to know when warnings are issued.
Severe Thunderstorm Warning: issued when severe weather has been reported by spotters or indicated by radar. Warnings indicate imminent danger to life and property for those in the path of the storm.
What To Do When Thunderstorms Approach:
- Go to safe shelter immediately!
- Move to a sturdy building or car.
- Do not take shelter in small sheds, under isolated trees, or in convertible automobiles.
- Get out of boats and away from water.
- Turn off air conditioners.
- Get to higher ground if flash flooding or flooding is possible. Once flooding begins, abandon cars and climb to higher ground.
- If caught outdoors and no shelter is nearby, find a spot away from trees, fences, and poles.
Ways to Avoid Becoming a Victim of Lightning:
- When outdoors, rush to safety at the first flash of lightning, crack of thunder or even darkening of the sky. Be aware – Hazy skies, especially in the East, can often hide thunderstorms.
- All thunderstorms are dangerous.
- Cars can offer shelter from lightening if necessary.
NOAA WEATHER RADIO IS THE BEST MEANS TO RECEIVE WARNINGS FROM THE NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE
What to know about tornadoes
- No place is safe from tornadoes.
- Leave the windows closed; and immediately go to a safe place.
- In a home or building, move to an interior room or hallway on the lowest floor and get under a sturdy piece of furniture.
- Do not try to outrun a tornado in your car; instead, leave it immediately.
- Mobile homes, even if tied down, offer little protection from tornadoes and should be abandoned.
FLASH FLOOD OR FLOOD WATCH: Flash flooding or flooding is possible within the designated WATCH area-be alert.
FLASH FLOOD OR FLOOD WARNING: Flash flooding or flooding has been reported or is imminent, take necessary precautions at once.
URBAN AND SMALL STREAM ADVISORY: Flooding of small streams, streets, and low-lying areas, such as; railroad underpasses and urban storm drains, is occurring.
FLASH FLOOD OR FLOOD STATEMENT: Follow-up information regarding a flash flood/flood event.
The rule for being safe in a flooding situation is simple:
HEAD FOR HIGHER GROUND AND STAY AWAY FROM FLOOD WATERS!
- Get out of areas subject to flooding, including dips, low spots, canyons, washes, etc.
- Do not attempt to cross flowing streams.
- If driving,NEVER drive through flooded roadways!
- If the vehicle stalls, leave it immediately and seek higher ground. Rapidly rising water may engulf the vehicle and its occupants and sweep them away.
- Be especially cautious at night when it is harder to recognize flood dangers.
- Do not camp or park your vehicle along streams and washes, particularly during threatening conditions.
- Children should NEVER play around high water or storm drains.
Flood preparation at home
- Know your flood risk and elevation above flood stage.
- Know your evacuation routes.
- Keep your automobile fueled.
- Store drinking water in clean bath tubs and in various containers.
- Keep a stock of nonperishable food.
- Keep first aid supplies on hand.
- Keep a NOAA Weather Radio, a battery powered portable radio, emergency cooking equipment, and flashlights in working order.
- Install check valves in building sewer traps to prevent flood water from backing up into drains of your home.
What consumers should know about flood insurance:
- Everyone lives in a flood zone.
- Flood damage is not covered by homeowners insurance policies.
- You can purchase flood insurance regardless of your level of flood risk. There is usually a 30-day waiting period before the coverage goes into effect.
- There is a low-cost policy for homes in low to moderate risk areas.
- Contents coverage is separate, so renters can insure their belongings.
National Flood Insurance Program
If you live in a flood-prone area, consider purchasing Federal flood insurance, which will cover the value of a building and its contents. You can call 888-FLOOD-29 to learn more about Federal flood insurance.
To learn more about flood hazard mitigation, visit FEMA’s website at: http://www.floodsmart.gov
Preparations Before Electrical Outage
Water Storage and Purification
Protecting Your Home from Weather Hazards
How can you tell where a pipeline is located?
Since pipelines are buried underground, line markers like the ones shown here are used to indicate their approximate location along the route. The markers can be found where a pipeline intersects a street, highway, or railroad.
The markers display the material transported in the line, the name of the pipeline operator, and a telephone number where the operator can be reached in the event of an emergency.
Do Not Remove or Deface
Pipeline marker signs such as those pictured above are important to public safety. They are so important, in fact, that Congress in 1988 passed a law making it a federal crime to willfully deface, damage, remove, or destroy any pipeline sign or right-of-way marker that is required by federal law.
Are markers always placed on top of the pipeline?
Markers indicate the general location of a pipeline. They cannot be relied upon to indicate the exact position of the pipeline they mark. Also, the pipeline may not follow a straight course between markers. And, while markers are helpful in locating pipelines, they are limited in the information they provide. They provide no information, for example, on the depth or number of pipelines in the vicinity.
How can you recognize a pipeline leak?
Sight, sound, and smell are helpful in detecting pipeline leaks.
- Crude oil or liquid petroleum products on the ground
- A dense white cloud or fog
- A spot of dead vegetation in an otherwise green location may indicate a slow leak
- Flames (if the leak has ignited)
- A roaring or hissing sound
- A pungent odor, sometimes like “rotten eggs”
- A gasoline-type odor
What should you do if you suspect a leak?
Your first concern should be for your personal safety and that of those around you if you suspect a leak.
Leave the area immediately
Avoid driving into vapor clouds
Avoid direct contact with escaping gases or liquids
Avoid creating sparks or other sources of heat, which could cause the escaping liquids or vapor to ignite and burn. If you find yourself in an area where you suspect hydrocarbon vapors are present, do not light a match, start an engine, or even switch on an electric light.
Notify the pipeline operator
Pipeline contents can vary greatly
Pipelines carry both gaseous and liquid materials
Many liquids form gaseous vapor clouds when released
Many pipelines contain colorless and odorless products
Some pipeline gases are lighter than air and will rise
Other heavier-than-air gases and liquids will stay near the ground and collect in low spots
All petroleum gases and liquids are flammable
Any pipeline leak can be potentially dangerous
Louisiana One Call
Excavators and homeowners should dial 811 is 1-800-272-3020 to reach LA One Call before starting any digging projects on or near any pipelines These projects include fences, flagpoles, landscaping, storage buildings, foundations, swimming pools, ground clearing, deep plowing, laying underground pipe or wiring, or any other “digging” projects.