Home & Personal Safety

First Aid Tips

CPR and first aid are often required in emergencies. Administer CPR only if you are trained. Contact the American Red Cross, American Heart Association, or the YMCA for information about training.

Immediate Actions

  1. Breathing and Circulation. Begin rescue breathing if the victim is not breathing; begin CPR if there is no pulse and you are trained.
  2. Bleeding. Apply direct pressure to the wound and elevate it to stop persistent bleeding.
  3. Shock. Lay the victim on his/her back and give assurance. Position the feet above the head. Monitor breathing and circulation. If neck or spinal injuries are evident or suspected, move the victim only if:
    1. it is necessary to establish or maintain a vital function such as breathing, or
    2. it must be done to avoid further injury
  4. Chest Pain. Help a conscious victim into a comfortable position with the head raised. Loosen tight clothing. Help the victim take prescribed medication if necessary If the victim loses consciousness and is not breathing, proceed with the ABCs of rescue breathing. If victim has no pulse, begin CPR if you are trained.

Follow-Up Actions

  1. STAY CALM !
  2. Call 911. Have someone call 911. Rescuers must not leave victims before first aid is administered to relieve the crisis. (Exception: If you are alone with an unconscious, unresponsive adult, call 911 before beginning rescue breathing.)
  3. Other Health Problems. Check the victim for emergency medical ID tags and medications.
  4. Food and Liquids. Never give food or liquids to victims who are unconscious, semiconscious, nauseated, or severely injured.

When Calling 911 For Medical Help

  1. Give the location. Mention a landmark at or near the scene to help medics find it.
  2. Give the facts. If feasible, give information about what happened, the number of injured persons, first aid given, and additional equipment needed. [NOTE: If someone else places the call for help, confirm that the call has been made.]

What to Do Until Help Arrives

If you are properly trained, administer CPR.

How to Administer Adult CPR 

How to Administer Infant CPR

Stop the Bleed

(As featured in Fall 2018 newsletter edition of Iberville Parish Safety News and posted at www.i-caer.org.)

https://i-caer.org/safety-news-volume-5-issue-2/

 

Massive bleeding from any cause, but particularly from an active shooter or explosive event where a response is delayed can result in death. Similar to how the general public learned and now routinely performs CPR, the public would benefit from learning proper bleeding control techniques, including how to use their hands, dressings, and tourniquets. Victims can quickly die from uncontrolled bleeding, within five to 10 minutes. However, anyone at the scene can act as immediate responder and save lives if they know what to do. BleedingControl.org is an initiative of the American College of Surgeons and the Hartford Consensus and contains diagrams, news, videos, and other resources contributed by a variety of other private and nonprofit partners to help prepare you in the event you are witness to one of these events.

If you are interested in enrolling in a Stop the Bleed class or would like us to host a class at your business, contact Yvette Legendre Yvette.legendre@la.gov or Ted Colligan ted.colligan@la.gov.

  1. Apply pressure with hands
  2. Apply dressing and press
  3. Apply tourniquet (wrap, wind, secure, time)

CALL 9-1-1

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Preventing Pediatric Poisoning

IMPORTANT CONTACT PHONE NUMBERS FOR SUSPECTED CHILD POISONING:

  • 1-800-222-1222 Poison Control
  • 911 Medical Assistance.
  • Your Physician and/or hospital.
  • Have Syrup of Ipecac on hand and only use if instructed to do so by Poison Control or a physician. When speaking with Poison Control or the doctor, have the container and pills, or object that was in the mouth, and, if possible, the child with you.
  • For Pet Poisoning, contact your veterinarian or Poison Control.

Preventative actions:

Some of the products that should be locked up and out of sight and reach of children and pets include:

  • medicines
  • vitamins
  • chemicals such as those for cleaning
  • cigarettes
  • matches
  • alcoholic beverages
  • purse
  • perfume
  • covered trash receptacles

NEVER tell children that medicine is candy, or that it tastes good. Don’t take medicine in front of children since they like to imitate adults.
Have Syrup of Ipecac on hand and only use if instructed to do so by Poison Control or a physician.
When speaking with Poison Control or the doctor, have the container and pills, or object that was in the mouth, and, if possible, the child with you.
For pet poisoning, contact your veterinarian or Poison Control.

PAY PARTICULAR ATTENTION TO:

  • Behavioral changes: clumsiness, drowsiness, coma, convulsions, dizziness, mental disturbances, delirium, and level of consciousness.
  • Look for color, temperature of skin, lips, and mucous membranes.
  • Also temperature, blood pressure, pulse rate, respiratory alterations, sweating
  • Paralysis
  • Eyes: the size and reaction of the pupils.
  • Oral signs: burns, discoloration, dryness, excessive salivation, stains, breath odors, pain on swallowing
  • Nausea, vomiting: appearance odor, presence of blood, upset stomach
  • Diarrhea: appearance, odor, presence of blood.

Preventing pediatric poisoning

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Heat Wave Safety

Strenuous activities should be reduced, eliminated, or rescheduled to the coolest time of the day. Individuals at risk should stay in the coolest available place.
Take Cool Baths Or Showers. Cool water can remove body heat 25 times faster than cool air.
Wear lightweight, light-colored clothing that reflects heat and sunlight.

Drink plenty of water or other non-alcohol fluids. Drink water, fruit juices or sport drinks that can help replenish lost salts and minerals. These are preferable to soft drinks, coffee or alcohol, which can further dehydrate you.

Heat Exhaustion Signs and Symptoms:

  • Moist and clammy skin, usually pale
  • Pupils dilated
  • Normal or subnormal temperature
  • Weak, dizzy or faint
  • Headache
  • No appetite, nausea
  • Rapid, shallow breathing

 FIRST AID:

Lay down and loosen clothing.
Apply cool, wet cloths.
Fan or move victim to an air conditioned room.
Provide sips of water. If nausea occurs, discontinue. If vomiting continues, seek immediate medical attention.

Heat Stroke Signs and Symptoms

HEAT STROKE IS A SEVERE MEDICAL EMERGENCY.
CALL 911 OR GET THE VICTIM TO A HOSPITAL IMMEDIATELY.  DELAY CAN BE FATAL.

  • Dry hot skin, usually red
  • Pupils constricted, later become dilated
  • Very high body temperature
  • Coma or near coma
  • Pulse strong and rapid, becomes weak as damage progresses
  • Mental confusion, anxiety, agitation
  • Initially deep, rapid breathing becomes shallow and weak as damage progresses.
  • Headache, dry mouth, shortness of breath.
  • Loss of appetite, nausea, or vomiting.
  • Increasing dizziness and weakness, decreased blood pressure.
  • Convulsions, sudden collapse, and possible  unconsciousness

Heat wave safety tips

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Home Fire Safety

11 Vital Steps When Fire Strikes

  1. Alert others by shouting “Fire”. If a fire starts in your home, awaken all occupants in your home and immediately get out!
  2. Once you and your family are outside, contact 911 and be sure the dispatcher has the location of your home.
  3. Walk in a crouched position.
  4. Escape through nearest exit.
  5. Don’t waste time dressing.
  6. Don’t try to gather valuables.
  7. Never open a hot door.
  8. If possible, place a wet cloth over nose and mouth.
  9. Close all doors behind you.
  10. Meet at a pre-established location outside your home.
  11. Call fire department from a neighbor’s phone.

Never go back into a burning house.

Home Fires

(Information from www.ready.gov, official website of the Department of Homeland Security.)

In just two minutes, a fire can become life-threatening. In five minutes, a residence can be engulfed in flames.

Learn About Fires
  • Fire is FAST! In less than 30 seconds a small flame can turn into a major fire. It only takes minutes for thick black smoke to fill a house or for it to be engulfed in flames.
  • Fire is HOT! Heat is more threatening than flames. Room temperatures in a fire can be 100 degrees at floor level and rise to 600 degrees at eye level. Inhaling this super-hot air will scorch your lungs and melt clothes to your skin.
  • Fire is DARK! Fire starts bright, but quickly produces black smoke and complete darkness.
  • Fire is DEADLY! Smoke and toxic gases kill more people than flames do. Fire produces poisonous gases that make you disoriented and drowsy. Asphyxiation is the leading cause of fire deaths, exceeding burns by a three-to-one ratio.

Before a Fire

Create and Practice a Fire Escape Plan

In the event of a fire, remember that every second counts, so you and your family must always be prepared. Escape plans help you get out of your home quickly.

Twice each year, practice your home fire escape plan.  Some tips to consider when preparing this plan include:

  • Find two ways to get out of each room in the event the primary way is blocked by fire or smoke.
  • A secondary route might be a window onto a neighboring roof or a collapsible ladder for escape from upper story windows.
  • Make sure that windows are not stuck, screens can be taken out quickly, and that security bars can be properly opened.
  • Practice feeling your way out of the house in the dark or with your eyes closed.
  • Teach children not to hide from firefighters.  (This is taught at Safety Town!)

During a Fire

  • Crawl low under any smoke to your exit – heavy smoke and poisonous gases collect first along the ceiling.
  • Before opening a door, feel the doorknob and door. If either is hot, or if there is smoke coming around the door, leave the door closed and use your second way out.
  • If you open a door, open it slowly. Be ready to shut it quickly if heavy smoke or fire is present.
  • If you can’t get to someone needing assistance, leave the home and call 9-1-1 or the fire department. Tell the emergency operator where the person is located.
  • If pets are trapped inside your home, tell firefighters right away.
  • If you can’t get out, close the door and cover vents and cracks around doors with cloth or tape to keep smoke out.  Call 9-1-1 or your fire department. Say where you are and signal for help at the window with a light-colored cloth or a flashlight.
  • If your clothes catch fire, stop, drop, and roll – stop immediately, drop to the ground, and cover your face with your hands.  Roll over and over or back and forth until the fire is out.  If you or someone else cannot stop, drop, and roll, smother the flames with a blanket or towel.  Use room temperature water to treat the burn immediately for 3 to 5 minutes.  Cover with a clean, dry cloth.  Get medical help right away by calling 9-1-1 or the fire department.

After a Fire

The following checklist serves as a quick reference and guide for you to follow after a fire strikes.

  • Contact your local disaster relief service, such as The Red Cross, if you need temporary housing, food and medicines.
  • If you are insured, contact your insurance company for detailed instructions.  If you are not insured, try contacting private organizations for aid and assistance.
  • Check with the fire department to make sure your residence is safe to enter. Be watchful of any structural damage caused by the fire.
  • The fire department should see that utilities are either safe to use or are disconnected before they leave the site.  DO NOT attempt to reconnect utilities yourself.
  • Conduct an inventory of damaged property and items.  Do not throw away any damaged goods until after an inventory is made.
  • Try to locate valuable documents and records.  Refer to information on contacts and the replacement process inside this brochure.
  • Begin saving receipts for any money you spend related to fire loss.  The receipts may be needed later by the insurance company and for verifying losses claimed on income tax.
  • Notify your mortgage company of the fire.

After a Fire

Smoke Alarms

A working smoke alarm significantly increases your chances of surviving a deadly home fire.

  • Test batteries monthly.
  • Replace batteries in battery-powered and hard-wired smoke alarms at least once a year (except non-replaceable 10-year lithium batteries).
  • Install smoke alarms on every level of your home, including the basement, both inside and outside of sleeping areas.
  • Replace the entire smoke alarm unit every 8-10 years or according to manufacturer’s instructions.
  • Never disable a smoke alarm while cooking – it can be a deadly mistake.

 NOTE:  There are a variety of Smoke Alarms for People with Access or Functional Needs including visually and hearing impaired.

Home Fire Safety

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Carbon Monoxide Poisoning

Carbon Monoxide (CO) poisoning occurs when an internal combustion engine or improperly adjusted fuel-burning appliance is operated in a closed area without fresh air.
The early stages of CO exposure includes headaches, dizziness, drowsiness. A conscious victim may look or act intoxicated. Other symptoms include blurred vision, irritability, and an inability to concentrate. Severe cases cause nausea and vomiting, shortness of breath, convulsions, unconsciousness, and eventually death.
If the victim is unconscious, move him/her to an area with fresh air and place him/her on his/her side with his/her head resting on an arm. If the victim is not breathing, begin mouth-to-mouth resuscitation and CPR if necessary and call 911.

Carbon monoxide signs

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COVID-19, West Nile, ZIKA & Other Viruses

The Center for Disease Control (CDC) offers a wealth of information.  Visit www.cdc.gov to learn about viruses and their prevention.  The CDC will serve as a useful resource regarding other viruses, pandemics and bioterrorism at www.cdc.gov.

COVID-19

Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19)

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is a respiratory illness that can spread from person to person. Risk of infection with COVID-19 is higher for people who are close contacts of someone known to have COVID-19, for example healthcare workers, or household members. The virus is thought to spread mainly between people who are in close contact with one another (within about 6 feet) through respiratory droplets produced when an infected person coughs or sneezes. It also may be possible that a person can get COVID-19 by touching a surface or object that has the virus on it and then touching their own mouth, nose, or possibly their eyes, but this is not thought to be the main way the virus spreads.

COVID-19 Symptoms

Patients with COVID-19 have had mild to severe respiratory illness with symptoms of

  • fever
  • cough
  • shortness of breath

Some patients have pneumonia in both lungs, multi-organ failure and in some cases death.

Prevention & Protection
  • Avoid close contact with people who are sick. (social distancing)
  • Avoid touching your eyes, nose, and mouth with unwashed hands.
  • Wash your hands often with soap and water for at least 20 seconds. Use an alcohol-based hand sanitizer that contains at least 60% alcohol if soap and water are not available.

If you are sick, to keep from spreading respiratory illness to others, you should

  • Stay home when you are sick.
  • Cover your cough or sneeze with a tissue, then throw the tissue in the trash.
  • Clean and disinfect frequently touched objects and surfaces.

Visit https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/index.html to learn about this disease and access various useful downloads.

Stop the Spread of Germs

Preventing the Spread of COVID-19 If You Are Sick

Coronavirus Guidelines

Clean and Disinfect
  • Clean AND disinfect frequently touched surfaces daily. This includes tables, doorknobs, light switches, countertops, handles, desks, phones, keyboards, toilets, faucets, and sinks.
  • If surfaces are dirty, clean them: Use detergent or soap and water prior to disinfection.
Take Everyday Preventative Actions:
  • Wash your hands frequently
  • Avoid touching your eyes, nose, and mouth.
  • Stay home when you are sick.
  • Cover your cough or sneeze with a tissue, then throw the tissue in the trash.
  • Clean and disinfect frequently touched objects and surfaces Be prepared if your child’s school or childcare facility is temporarily dismissed or for potential changes at your workplace.

Limit close contact with others as much as possible (about 6 feet)

West Nile Virus

West Nile virus is spread by mosquitoes and can cause illness in people and animals.

Prevention & Protection
  • Get rid of standing water; empty, remove, cover, or turn upside down any receptacle that would hold water.
  • Make sure air conditioner condensation drains
  • Keep downspouts and gutters cleared of debris and drain flat roofs
  • Stock ornamental ponds with mosquito eating fish
  • Change water or scrub vases holding flowers or cuttings and water in bird baths twice each week
  • Fill or drain low areas on your property that hold water for longer than 4 to 7 days
  • Wear mosquito repellent with DEET
  • Avoid being outdoors during peak mosquito activity periods and cover up with long sleeves and long pants when you are outside
  • Educate yourself by visiting the West Nile-related web page at http://new.dhh.louisiana.gov/index.cfm/faq/category70

West Nile

How to Protect Against Mosquito Bites

ZIKA Virus

Zika can be transmitted:

Zika Symptoms

Many people infected with Zika virus won’t have symptoms or will only have mild symptoms. The most common symptoms of Zika are

  • Fever
  • Rash
  • Headache
  • Joint pain
  • Red eyes
  • Muscle pain

Symptoms can last for several days to a week. People usually don’t get sick enough to go to the hospital, and they very rarely die of Zika. Once a person has been infected with Zika, they are likely to be protected from future infections.

Zika infection during pregnancy can cause a birth defect of the brain called microcephaly and other severe brain defects. It is also linked to other problems, such as miscarriage, stillbirth, and other birth defects. There have also been increased reports of Guillain-Barré syndrome, an uncommon sickness of the nervous system, in areas affected by Zika.

How to Prevent Zika

There is no vaccine to prevent Zika. The best way to prevent diseases spread by mosquitoes is to protect yourself and your family from mosquito bites.

Clothing
  • Wear long-sleeved shirts and long pants.
  • Treat your clothing and gear with permethrin or buy pre-treated items.
Insect repellent
  • Use Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)-registered insect repellents externally with one of the following active ingredients:
    DEET, picaridin, IR3535, oil of lemon eucalyptus or para-menthane-diol, or 2-undecanone. Always follow the product label instructions.
  • When used as directed, these insect repellents are proven safe and effective even for pregnant and breastfeeding women.
  • Do not use products containing oil of lemon eucalyptus or para-methane-diol on children younger than 3 years old.
At Home
  • Stay in places with air conditioning and window and door screens to keep mosquitoes outside.
  • Take steps to control mosquitoes inside and outside your home.
  • Mosquito netting can be used to cover babies younger than 2 months old in carriers, strollers, or cribs.
  • Sleep under a mosquito bed net if air conditioned or screened rooms are not available or if sleeping outdoors.
Sexual transmission
  • Prevent sexual transmission of Zika by using condoms or not having sex.
What to do if you have Zika

There is no specific medicine or vaccine for Zika virus.

Treat the symptoms:

  • Get plenty of rest.
  • Drink fluids to prevent dehydration.
  • Take medicine such as acetaminophen to reduce fever and pain.
  • Do not take aspirin or other non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs).
  • If you are taking medicine for another medical condition, talk to your healthcare provider before taking additional medication.

CDC Zika Activity Book

Zika Prevention for Pregnant Women

Zika Basics

How to Prevent Zika

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Family Emergency Disaster Planning

Create an Emergency Plan

Photo courtesy of FEMA

Call Iberville Parish Office of Emergency Preparedness at 225-687-5140 to:

  • Find out which disasters could occur in your area.
  • Ask how to prepare for each disaster.
  • Ask how you would be warned of an emergency.
  • Learn your community’s evacuation routes.
  • Ask about special assistance for elderly or disabled persons.
  • Ask your workplace about emergency plans.
  • Learn about emergency plans for your children’s school or day care center.

DEVELOP YOUR FAMILY PLAN:

  • Meet with household members. Discuss with children the dangers of fire, severe weather, earthquakes, and other emergencies.
  • Discuss how to respond to each disaster that could occur.
  • Discuss what to do about power outages and personal injuries.
  • Draw a floor plan of your home. Mark two escape routes from each room.
  • Teach everyone how to turn off the water, gas, and electricity at main switches, and how to use a fire extinguisher.
  • Post emergency telephone numbers near telephones.
  • Teach children how and when to call 911, police, and fire.
  • Instruct household members to turn on the radio for emergency information.
  • Pick one out of state and one local friend or relative for family members to call if separated by disaster (it is often easier to call out of state than within the affected area).
  • Teach children how to make long distance telephone calls.
  • Pick two meeting places.
    1. A place near your home in case of a fire.
    2. A place outside your neighborhood in case you cannot return home after a disaster.
  • Take basic first aid and CPR classes.
  • Keep family records in a water and fireproof container.
  • Install safety features in your house, such as smoke detectors and fire extinguishers.
  • Inspect your home for potential hazards (such as items that can move, fall, break or catch fire) and correct them.

Before the Emergency

  1. PREPARE A PLAN
  2. Know your risk. Consider special circumstances of people with special needs, recreational vehicles, pets and boats.
  3. Determine where you will shelter and know your evacuation routes – at home, family or friend’s home if located away from the risk area, hotel located inland, or Emergency Public Shelters (no pets, alcohol, or firearms allowed).
  4. Time the trip and multiply by three (3) for pre-storm road and traffic conditions.
  5. Listen to a local radio or TV station for official announcements.
  6. PREPARE A DISASTER SUPPLY KIT FOR EVACUATION
Store the following in sturdy, easy-to-carry containers:

  • First aid kit
  • Battery operated radio and/or TV, extra batteries
  • Flashlight, extra batteries and bulbs
  • Canned or dried food for a week, manual can opener
  • Extra medicine, baby food, etc.
  • Eating utensils
  • Fully charged fire extinguishers
  • Candles, matches or disposable lighters
  • Emergency cooking facilities and fuel
  • Lantern and fuel
  • Water (anchor to Water info on other page)
  • Bleach
  • Caulk or putty to seal drain in tub
  • Wide masking tape
  • Strong material to board up windows
  • Up-to-date emergency phone list
  • Blankets or sleeping bags
  • Portable ice chest
  • Identification and valuable papers (insurance) stored in a water tight container
  • Change of clothing

For further information visit: www.getagameplan.org

If Disaster Strikes:

  1. Remain calm and patient.
  2. Put your plan into action.
  3. Check for injuries – Give first aid and get help for seriously injured people.
  4. Tune to Radio Station 1610 & 1620 AM on your radio dial to listen for news and instructions.
  5. Check for damage in your home…
  • Use flashlights–do not light matches or turn on electrical switches if you suspect damage.
    • Check for fires, fire hazards, and other household hazards.
  • Sniff for gas leaks, starting at the water heater. If you smell gas or suspect a leak, turn off the main gas valve, open windows, and get everyone outside quickly.
  • Shut off any other damaged utilities.
  • Clean up spilled medicines, bleaches, gasoline, and other flammable liquids immediately.6. Remember to…
  • Confine or secure pets.
  • Call your family contact–do not use the telephone again unless it is a life-threatening emergency.
  • Check on your neighbors, especially elderly or disabled persons.
  • Stay away from downed power lines to avoid electrocution.

Planning for Pets in Emergencies

Making plans for your family is extremely important. Don’t forget to plan for the animals in you life, too! The location of your evacuation destination may or may not accept pets, so call ahead and check. Animal shelters will be set up in various parts of the state on an “as-needed” basis. The Louisiana Department of Agriculture and Forestry works year-round with the Louisiana State Animal Response Team (LSART) to provide sheltering opportunities. Species-specific disaster preparedness advice is available at www.lsart.org.

Create an emergency kit to keep your pet comfortable for three days including the following items:

  • water, food and medications with dosage information/instructions
  • a manual can opener (if needed) & bowls
  • a collar/leash/harness
  • a pet carrier (for smaller animals)
  • supplies for managing waste (such as plastic bags and newspaper or a litter box and litter)
  • copies of vaccination and medical records
  • a photo of the pet with its name on it
  • care plan

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Preparing for Electrical Outages

First, use perishable food from the refrigerator, then use food from the freezer. To minimize the number of times you open the freezer door, post a list of contents on the freezer door. In a well-insulated freezer, foods will usually still have ice crystals in their centers (meaning the foods are safe to eat) for at least three days. Finally, begin to use nonperishable foods and staples.

Short term food supplies – use within six months:

  • Powdered milk (boxed)
  • Dried fruit (in metal container)
  • Dry, crisp crackers (in metal container)
  • Potatoes
  • Whole dry milk
  • Canned fruit juices
  • Canned meats and fish (example: Vienna sausage, meat spread or tuna)
  • Meat substitutes, like beans
  • Bread and crackers
  • Peanut butter
  • Dry cereals
  • Granola bars or cookies
  • Staples-sugar, salt, pepper
  • High energy foods–peanut butter, jelly, crackers, nuts, health food bars, trail mix
  • Stress foods-sugar cookies, hard candy, sweetened cereals
  • Vitamins
  • Ready-to-eat canned meats, fruits, and vegetables
  • Smoked or dried meats; such as beef jerky
  • Juices-canned, powdered, or crystalized
  • Soups-bouillon cubes or dried “soups in a cup”

Long term food supplies – may be stored indefinitely (in proper containers and conditions):

  • Wheat
  • Corn
  • Soybeans
  • Vitamin C
  • Salt
  • White rice
  • Powdered milk (in nitrogen-packed cans)
  • Vegetable oils
  • Dry pasta
  • Instant coffee, tea and cocoa
  • Noncarbonated soft drinks
  • Bouillon products
  • Baking powder

Use within one year:

  • Canned condensed meat and vegetable soups
  • Canned fruits, fruit juices, and vegetables
  • Ready-to-eat cereals and uncooked instant cereals (in metal containers)
  • Peanut butter
  • Jelly
  • Hard candy, chocolate bars, and canned nuts

Emergency cooking options

For emergency cooking, you can use a fireplace, a charcoal grill, or camp stove outdoors only. You can also heat food with a candle warmer, chafing dishes, and fondue pots. Canned food can be eaten right out of the can. If you heat it in the can, be sure to open the can and remove the label first. Rotate your food supply. Use foods before they go bad and replace them with fresh supplies, dated with ink or marker. Place new items at the back of the storage area and older ones in front.
Your emergency food supply should be of the highest quality possible. Inspect your reserves periodically to make sure there are no broken seals or dented containers.
Place paper or waxed packages in a watertight container, such as a larger plastic bag. This will keep them dry and make them easier to carry.

Preparing for electricity outages

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Safety Town

Safety Town educates Kindergarten students about important safety topics through hands-on activities, music and videos.  Safety Town is merely one way Iberville Parish Emergency Operations, Local Emergency Preparedness Committee (LEPC) and Iberville Community Awareness/Emergency Response (I-CAER) exemplifies their commitment to public safety and preparedness.

During Safety Town, the students receive lessons on what to do when the siren sounds for bad weather or a chemical spill. Safety Town turtle mascot “Wally Wise Guy” demonstrates when and how to Shelter-In-Place.  Other safety lessons include how to correctly report an emergency by calling “911” on the telephone, fire safety principles like “stop, drop and roll,” and general personal safety, such as not playing with guns.  Students navigate through Safety Town on tricycles with seat belts and helmets, learning pedestrian, car and railroad crossing safety.  Students decorate bicycle helmets with sponsor logos and bring them home. Iberville Sheriff’s Department and Fire Department explain their jobs and roles, allowing children to scoot through the back seat of a patrol car and examine a fire truck.

Primary Safety Town Messages:

Shelter-In-Place

Wally Wise Guy is a turtle that teaches people to Shelter-In-Place.  Whenever there is danger, he quickly retreats inside his shell.  To be safe during an emergency, please:

  1. Go inside immediately.
  2. Close all doors and windows.
  3. Turn off air conditioner or heater.
  4. Stay informed, listen to the TV or radio for news.
  5. Avoid unnecessary use of the telephone.

Wait for the all clear before going outdoors.

Gun Safety

The Eddie the Eagle GunSafe® program and his Wing team teach students about gun safety.

If you come across a gun: “STOP! DON’T TOUCH. RUN AWAY. TELL A GROWN-UP.”

https://wethekids.us/the-eddie-eagle-gunsafe-program/

How to Dial 9-1-1

The Iberville Office of Emergency Preparedness/9-1-1 dispatchers use a simulator and teach children to dial 9-1-1 and share their emergency with the operator.  They also teach the children their home address and the importance and seriousness of calls to 9-1-1.

Parents:  Please make sure your child(children) know their home address and main telephone number.

Rules of the Road – Bicycling on the Road    

When riding, always:

  • Go With the Traffic Flow.Ride on the right in the same direction as other vehicles. Go with the flow – not against it.
  • Obey All Traffic Laws. A bicycle is a vehicle and you’re a driver. When you ride in the street, obey all traffic signs, signals and lane markings.
  • Yield to Traffic When Appropriate.Slow down and look to see if the way is clear before proceeding. Yield to pedestrians.
  • Be Predictable. Ride in a straight line, not in and out of cars. Signal your moves to others.
  • Stay Alert at All Times. Use your eyes AND ears. Watch out for potholes, cracks, wet leaves, storm grates, railroad tracks or anything that could make you lose control of your bike. You need your ears to hear traffic and avoid dangerous situations; don’t wear a headset when you ride.
  • Look Before Turning.When turning left or right, always look behind you for a break in traffic, then signal before making the turn. Watch for left- or right-turning traffic.
  • Watch for Parked Cars.Ride far enough out from the curb to avoid the unexpected from parked cars (like doors opening, or cars pulling out).
  • Enter a street at a corner and not between parked cars. Alert pedestrians that you are near by saying, “Excuse me,” or, “Passing on your left,” or use a bell or horn.

 

For more information on bicycle safety, visit the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) Web site at: www.nhtsa.dot.gov

Bicycle Safety

Vehicle & Traffic Safety

  1. Know Your Signals
    • Green means ‘go’: Only when the signal turns ‘green’, vehicles move ahead.
    • Red means to ‘stop’: When the signal turns red, all the vehicles have to stop.
    • Yellow means to slow down: When the signal turns yellow, vehicles should slow down and prepare to stop.
    • The ‘Walk’ or a walking man symbol at intersections are for pedestrians. Cross the road only if these signs turn green. But look to the left and right to ensure no vehicles are approaching.
    • Never cross the road if the sign says ‘Don’t Walk’ or if the walking man symbol turns red.
  1. Stop, Look Both Ways & Cross
  2. Pay Attention – Listen for the sound of horns or vehicles.
  3. Use Sidewalks
  4. Use Crosswalks and Pedestrian Crossing When You Cross the Street
  5. Stay Safe Inside a Moving Vehicle
    1. Wear a seatbelt. (Children under a certain age/size are required to use car seats.)
    2. Never stand inside a moving vehicle, especially a school bus or van.
    3. Do not put any part of your body outside the window of a moving vehicle.

Parents:  Do not use cell phones while driving.  Never leave your children alone in the vehicle.

Vehicle and Traffic Safety

Railroad Crossing Safety

A train hits someone in America every 115 minutes, often with fatal results. According to Operation Lifesaver, a national non-profit organization, nearly 2,000 Americans are killed and injured at highway/rail grade crossings each year.

There are many simple and life-saving practices to help you avoid a confrontation with a train at a railroad crossing.

  • Remember that any time is train time.
  • Slow down when approaching a railroad crossing and look both ways—TWICE!
  • Never race a train to cross the tracks.
  • When approaching a crossing, roll down your windows, turn off the radio or air conditioner, and listen for whistles or bells
  • Always yield to flashing lights, whistles, closing gates, crossbucks or stop signs.
  • • Teach children that the railroad is never a place to play, walk, run, bike ride, or use as a short cut. Don’t fish from railroad bridges either.
  • Always cross the tracks at the designated railroad crossing or pedestrian crossing.
  • Don’t be fooled by the optical illusion presented by the train. It is always moving faster and is much closer than you think.

Remember to look, listen and live. Stopping may add 30 seconds to your journey while not stopping could put an end to it completely. ANY TIME IS TRAIN TIME! Remember to practice safety. Don’t learn it by accident.

Railroad Crossing Safety

Flooding

Floods occur during or after heavy rains, when snow melts too quickly, or when dams break. At these times, rivers may over‑ow their banks, and local culverts and ditches may over­flow and become dangerous. Floods that happen quickly are called ­flash fl­oods. Flooding may be only a few inches of water or it may cover a house to its roof. However, even the smallest of floods can be dangerous if you are not prepared. It only takes a few inches of flood water on a road to carry away even large vehicles. The best rule to follow is “Turn Around, Don’t Drown.”  ™

For more information on flooding and flood safety, visit www.focusonfloods.org and www.weather.gov/safety/flood.

Flash Floods & Flooding

Fire Safety

Iberville Parish Firemen dress in full gear to show children they are not monsters, but dressed for fire safety to save them in the event of a home fire.  They teach stop, drop and roll.

>> Home Fire Safety

Law Enforcement

Iberville Parish Sheriff’s Department and local police arrive in patrol cars and encourage students to scoot through the back seat.  The goal is to establish trust between residents and law enforcement, showing students police want to help.

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Thunderstorms and Lightning

Severe Thunderstorm Watch: advises when and where severe thunderstorms are most likely to occur. Watch the sky and stay tuned to TV or radio to know when warnings are issued.
Severe Thunderstorm Warning: issued when severe weather has been reported by spotters or indicated by radar. Warnings indicate imminent danger to life and property for those in the path of the storm.

What To Do When Thunderstorms Approach:

  • Go to safe shelter immediately!
  • Move to a sturdy building or car.
  • Do not take shelter in small sheds, under isolated trees, or in convertible automobiles.
  • Get out of boats and away from water.
  • Turn off air conditioners.
  • Get to higher ground if flash flooding or flooding is possible. Once flooding begins, abandon cars and climb to higher ground.
  • If caught outdoors and no shelter is nearby, find a spot away from trees, fences, and poles.

Ways to Avoid Becoming a Victim of Lightning:

  • When outdoors, rush to safety at the first flash of lightning, crack of thunder or even darkening of the sky. Be aware – Hazy skies, especially in the East, can often hide thunderstorms.
  • All thunderstorms are dangerous.
  • Cars can offer shelter from lightening if necessary.

Thunderstorms and lightning

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Tornado Safety

NOAA WEATHER RADIO IS THE BEST MEANS TO RECEIVE WARNINGS FROM THE NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE

What to know about tornadoes

  • No place is safe from tornadoes.
  • Leave the windows closed; and immediately go to a safe place.
  • In a home or building, move to an interior room or hallway on the lowest floor and get under a sturdy piece of furniture.
  • Do not try to outrun a tornado in your car; instead, leave it immediately.
  • Mobile homes, even if tied down, offer little protection from tornadoes and should be abandoned.

Tornado safety

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Flash Floods & Flooding

FLASH FLOOD OR FLOOD WATCH: Flash flooding or flooding is possible within the designated WATCH area-be alert.
FLASH FLOOD OR FLOOD WARNING: Flash flooding or flooding has been reported or is imminent, take necessary precautions at once.
URBAN AND SMALL STREAM ADVISORY: Flooding of small streams, streets, and low-lying areas, such as; railroad underpasses and urban storm drains, is occurring.
FLASH FLOOD OR FLOOD STATEMENT: Follow-up information regarding a flash flood/flood event.

The rule for being safe in a flooding situation is simple:

HEAD FOR HIGHER GROUND AND STAY AWAY FROM FLOOD WATERS!

  • Get out of areas subject to flooding, including dips, low spots, canyons, washes, etc.
  • Do not attempt to cross flowing streams.
  • If driving,NEVER drive through flooded roadways!
  • If the vehicle stalls, leave it immediately and seek higher ground. Rapidly rising water may engulf the vehicle and its occupants and sweep them away.
  • Be especially cautious at night when it is harder to recognize flood dangers.
  • Do not camp or park your vehicle along streams and washes, particularly during threatening conditions.
  • Children should NEVER play around high water or storm drains.

Flood preparation at home

  • Know your flood risk and elevation above flood stage.
  • Know your evacuation routes.
  • Keep your automobile fueled.
  • Store drinking water in clean bath tubs and in various containers.
  • Keep a stock of nonperishable food.
  • Keep first aid supplies on hand.
  • Keep a NOAA Weather Radio, a battery powered portable radio, emergency cooking equipment, and flashlights in working order.
  • Install check valves in building sewer traps to prevent flood water from backing up into drains of your home.

What consumers should know about flood insurance:

  • Everyone lives in a flood zone.
  • Flood damage is not covered by homeowners insurance policies.
  • You can purchase flood insurance regardless of your level of flood risk. There is usually a 30-day waiting period before the coverage goes into effect.
  • There is a low-cost policy for homes in low to moderate risk areas.
  • Contents coverage is separate, so renters can insure their belongings.

National Flood Insurance Program

If you live in a flood-prone area, consider purchasing Federal flood insurance, which will cover the value of a building and its contents. You can call 888-FLOOD-29 to learn more about Federal flood insurance.

To learn more about flood hazard mitigation, visit FEMA’s website at: http://www.floodsmart.gov

>> Safety Town

Flash flood and floods

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Water – The Real Necessity

Stocking water reserves and learning how to purify contaminated water should be among your top priorities in preparing for an emergency.
You should store at least a two-week supply of water for each member of your family. Everyone’s needs will differ, depending on age, physical condition, activity, diet and climate.
A normally active person needs to drink at least two quarts of water each day. Hot environments can double that amount. Children, nursing mothers, and ill people will need more.
You will need additional water forfood preparation and hygiene. Store a total of at least one gallon per person, per day. If your supplies begin to run low, remember: Never ration water. Drink the amount you need today and try to find more for tomorrow.

Emergency water supplies

STORING WATER: Store water in thoroughly washed plastic, glass,

fiberglass, or enamel-lined metal containers. Never use a container that has held toxic

substances because tiny amounts may remain in the container’s pores. Sound plastic containers, such as soft drink bottles, are best.

Before storing your water, treat it with a preservative such as chlorine bleach to prevent the growth of microorganisms. Use liquid bleach that contains 5.25 percent sodium hypochlorite and no soap. Some containers warn, “Not for Personal Use.” You can disregard these warnings if the label states sodium hypochlorite is the only active ingredient and if you use only the small quantities in these instructions.

Three easy ways to purify water

Purification Tablets release chlorine or iodine. They are inexpensive and available at most sporting goods stores and some drug stores.

Boiling is the safest method of purifying water. Bring water to a rolling boil for 10 minutes, keeping in mind that some water will evaporate. Let the water cool before drinking. Boiled water will taste better if you put oxygen back into it by pouring it back and forth between two containers. This will also improve the taste of stored water.

Chlorination uses liquid chlorine bleach to kill microorganisms. Add two drops of bleach per quart of water (four drops if the water is cloudy), stir and let stand for 30 minutes. If the water does not taste and smell of chlorine at that point, add another dose and let stand another 15 minutes.

Boil Water Advisory

If your local health authorities issue a boil water advisory, you should use bottled water or boil tap water because your community’s water is, or could be, contaminated with germs that can make you sick. Advisories may include information about preparing food, beverages, or ice; dishwashing; and hygiene, such as brushing teeth and bathing. Standard recommendations usually include this advice:

  • Use bottled or boiled water for drinking, and to prepare and cook food.
  • If bottled water is not available, bring water to a full rolling boil for 1 minute, then allow it to cool before use.
  • Boil tap water even if it is filtered.
  • Do not use water from any appliance connected to your water line, such as ice and water from a refrigerator.
  • Breastfeeding is the best infant feeding option. If you formula feed your child, provide ready-to-use formula, if available.

Boil Water Advisory

Handwashing

  • In many situations, you can use tap water and soap to wash hands. Follow the guidance from your local public health officials.
  • Be sure to scrub your hands with soap and water for at least 20 seconds, and rinse them well under running water.
  • If soap and water are not available, use an alcohol-based hand sanitizer that contains at least 60% alcohol.

Bathing and Showering

  • Be careful not to swallow any water when bathing or showering.
  • Use caution when bathing babies and young children. Consider giving them a sponge bath to reduce the chance of them swallowing water.

Brushing Teeth

  • Brush teeth with boiled or bottled water. Do not use untreated tap water.

Washing Dishes

  • If possible, use disposable plates, cups, and utensils during a boil water advisory.
  • Household dishwashers generally are safe to use if the water reaches a final rinse temperature of at least 150 degrees Fahrenheit (65.55°Celsius), or if the dishwater has a sanitizing cycle.
  • Sterilize all baby bottles.
    • To wash dishes by hand:
      • Wash and rinse the dishes as you normally would using hot water.
      • In a separate basin, add 1 teaspoon of unscented household liquid bleach for each gallon of warm water.
      • Soak the rinsed dishes in the water for at least one minute.
      • Let the dishes air dry completely before using again.

Laundry

  • It is safe to wash clothes as usual.

Caring for Pets

  • Pets can get sick by some of the same germs as people or spread germs to people. Provide bottled or boiled water after it has been cooled for pets to use.
  • Boil tap water even if it is filtered.
  • Do not use water from any appliance connected to your water line, such as ice and water from a refrigerator.

Caring for Your Garden and Houseplants

  • You can use tap water for household plants and gardens.

https://www.cdc.gov/healthywater/emergency/drinking/drinking-water-advisories/boil-water-advisory.html

Water storage and purification

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Vaping & Opioid Abuse

Vaping

Vaping is the act of inhaling and exhaling the aerosol, often referred to as vapor, which is produced by an e-cigarette or similar device. The term is used because e-cigarettes do not produce tobacco smoke, but rather an aerosol, often mistaken for water vapor, that actually consists of fine particles. Many of these particles contain varying amounts of toxic chemicals, which have been linked to cancer, as well as respiratory and heart disease.

  • Read labels and follow all warning and lighting instructions.
  • Keep clear space around heating equipment.
  • All home fuel burning equipment should be inspected yearly by an expert. Fuel burning heaters used to warm the house should be vented to the outside. If you must use an unvented heater, be sure to leave a window open at least one inch and turn off at night.
  • Do not use a gas range or oven for heating a room. Never use a charcoal grill inside. Never close a fireplace vent until the fire is completely extinguished.
  • Internal combustion engines; such as automobiles, boats, lawnmowers, and generators produce lethal amounts of CO. Never run these engines in a closed or confined area
  • Inspect chimneys, stovepipes, flues, and connectors to be sure they are clean and in good repair.
  • If you smell a strong gas odor, turn off the pilot light, and do not operate electrical switches. Call the gas company from another location.
  • Turn off heating equipment if you smell fumes, your eyes sting, or you become dizzy or nauseous while it is operating, or if it has a fluttering or yellow flame.
  • Do not use a space heater if the ceramic radiants are broken or out of place.
  • Never store or use flammable liquids like gasoline, cleaning fluid or paint thinners near heating equipment.
  • Never smoke while working with gas powered equipment.
  • If your heating equipment has a pilot light and you have trouble keeping it lit or if the control valve is hard to operate, call the gas company to have it serviced.
Recommendations for the public:
  • If you are concerned about the health risks associated with e-cigarettes, consider discontinuing the products.
  • E-cigarette products should not be bought off the street and should not be modified or have substances not intended for use by the manufacturer added.
  • Youth, young adults and pregnant women, as well as adults who do not currently use tobacco products, should not use e-cigarettes.
  • Monitor for symptoms of severe side effects if you do use e-cigarettes. If you do develop symptoms, seek medical attention.
  • These symptoms include:
    • Cough
    • Shortness of breath
    • Chest pain
    • Nausea
    • Vomiting
    • Diarrhea
    • Fatigue
    • Fever
    • Weight loss

Adult smokers who are looking to quit smoking can call 1-800-QUIT-NOW or visit quitwithusla.org for information on FDA-approved counseling and medications.

http://ldh.la.gov/index.cfm/page/3724

HOW MANY YOUTH ARE USING E-CIGARETTES?
  • E-cigarettes have been the most commonly used tobacco product among U.S. youth since 2014.
  • In 2018, CDC and FDA data showed that more than 3.6 million U.S. youth, including 1 in 5 high school students and 1 in 20 middle school students, were past-month e-cigarette users.
  • During 2017 and 2018, e-cigarette use skyrocketed among youth, leading the U.S. Surgeon General to call the use of these products among youth an epidemic in the United States.
WHAT ARE THE RISKS FOR YOUTH?
  • Most e-cigarettes contain nicotine, which is highly addictive. Nicotine exposure during adolescence can:
    • Harm brain development, which continues until about age 25.
    • Impact learning, memory, and attention.
    • Increase risk for future addiction to other drugs.
  • Young people who use e-cigarettes may be more likely to go on to use regular cigarettes.
  • Many e-cigarettes come in kid-friendly flavors – including mango, fruit, and crème – which make e-cigarettes more appealing to young people.
  • E-cigarette aerosol is not harmless. It can contain harmful substances, including:
    • Nicotine
    • Cancer-causing chemicals
    • Volatile organic compounds
    • Ultrafine particles
    • Flavorings that have been linked to lung disease
    • Heavy metals such as nickel, tin, and lead
WHAT CAN YOU DO AS A PARENT OR CAREGIVER?

As a parent or caregiver, you have an important role in protecting children from e-cigarettes.

  • Talk to your child or teen about why e-cigarettes are harmful for them. It’s never too late.
  • Set a good example by being tobacco-free.
  • Learn about the different shapes and types of e-cigarettes and the risks of e-cigarette use for young people at www.CDC.gov/e-cigarettes.

 

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

E-Cigarettes Shaped Like USB Flash Drives

Electronic Cigarettes: What’s the Bottom Line

Opioids & Opioid Abuse

Opioids include prescription medications used to treat pain such as morphine, codeine, methadone, oxycodone, hydrocodone, fentanyl, hydromorphone and buprenorphine, as well as illicit drugs such as heroin. High rates of pain medication prescribing behavior result in concomitant misuse, abuse, and overdose deaths. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), while the opioid prescribing rate for Louisiana has steadily decreased since 2012, Louisiana’s ranking when compared to other states has increased.

Opioid abuse is a problem in Louisiana where almost all indicators … addiction to opioid medications, overdose deaths, emergency room admissions and over-prescribing … are evidence of the problem.

PREVENTING OVERDOSE

If you are concerned about your own use of opioids, don’t wait! Talk with the health care professionals who prescribed the medications for you.

If you are concerned about family members or friends, urge them to talk to whoever prescribed their medications.

Effective treatment of an opioid use disorder can reduce the risk of overdose and help a person who is misusing or addicted to opioid medications attain a healthier life. Opioid use disorder is a chronic disease, much like heart disease.

IF YOU SUSPECT AN OVERDOSE

An opioid overdose requires immediate medical attention. An essential first step is to get help from someone with medical expertise as soon as possible. Call 911 immediately if you or someone you know exhibits any of the signs listed below. All you have to say is “Someone is unresponsive and not breathing.” Give a specific address and/or description of your location.

  • Signs of OVERDOSE, which is a life-threatening emergency, include the following:
    • The face is extremely pale and/or clammy to the touch.
    • The body is limp.
    • Fingernails or lips have a blue or purple cast.
    • The person is vomiting or making gurgling noises.
    • The person cannot be awakened from sleep or cannot speak.
    • Breathing is very slow or stopped.
    • The heartbeat is very slow or stopped.
  • Signs of OVERMEDICATION, which may progress to overdose, include:
    • Unusual sleepiness or drowsiness.
    • Mental confusion, slurred speech, or intoxicated behavior.
    • Slow or shallow breathing.
    • Extremely small “pinpoint” pupils.
    • Slow heartbeat or low blood pressure.
    • Difficulty being awakened from sleep.

Source Acknowledgements:

This opioid information was prepared for the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA), U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS).

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Human Trafficking

The U.S. Department of State defines Human Trafficking as “trafficking in persons,” and “modern slavery” are umbrella terms used to refer to both sex trafficking and compelled labor. Human trafficking deprives millions worldwide of their dignity and freedom. In Louisiana in 2018, more than half of the human trafficking victims were children according to Legislative Auditor Daryl Purpera’s office.

U.S. Department of Homeland Security defines human trafficking as: Modern day slavery; Exploiting a person through force, fraud or coercion; Sex trafficking, forced labor and domestic servitude; Any person under the age of 18 involved in a commercial sex act.  Victims can be of any nationality, age, socioeconomic status, or gender. 

RECOGNIZE AND REPORT SUSPECTED HUMAN TRAFFICKING

To contact federal law enforcement,

call 1-866-DHS-2-ICE Or submit a tip online at www.ice.gov/tips For victim support from the National Human Trafficking Resource Center (NHTRC), call 1-888-373-7888 or text HELP or INFO to Befree(2333733).  If you or someone you know is in immediate danger, please call 911.

Blue Campaign: What is Human Trafficking?

Identifying and Assisting Victims of Human Trafficking

LBS End Trafficking

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Pipeline Safety

How can you tell where a pipeline is located?

Since pipelines are buried underground, line markers like the ones shown here are used to indicate their approximate location along the route. The markers can be found where a pipeline intersects a street, highway, or railroad.

The markers display the material transported in the line, the name of the pipeline operator, and a telephone number where the operator can be reached in the event of an emergency.

 

Do Not Remove or Deface

Pipeline marker signs such as those pictured above are important to public safety. They are so important, in fact, that Congress in 1988 passed a law making it a federal crime to willfully deface, damage, remove, or destroy any pipeline sign or right-of-way marker that is required by federal law.

Are markers always placed on top of the pipeline?

Markers indicate the general location of a pipeline. They cannot be relied upon to indicate the exact position of the pipeline they mark. Also, the pipeline may not follow a straight course between markers. And, while markers are helpful in locating pipelines, they are limited in the information they provide. They provide no information, for example, on the depth or number of pipelines in the vicinity.

How can you recognize a pipeline leak?

Sight, sound, and smell are helpful in detecting pipeline leaks.

Look for:

  • Crude oil or liquid petroleum products on the ground
  • A dense white cloud or fog
  • A spot of dead vegetation in an otherwise green location may indicate a slow leak
  • Flames (if the leak has ignited)

Listen for:

  • A roaring or hissing sound

Smell for:

  • A pungent odor, sometimes like “rotten eggs”
  • A gasoline-type odor

What should you do if you suspect a leak?

Your first concern should be for your personal safety and that of those around you if you suspect a leak.
Leave the area immediately
Avoid driving into vapor clouds
Avoid direct contact with escaping gases or liquids
Avoid creating sparks or other sources of heat, which could cause the escaping liquids or vapor to ignite and burn. If you find yourself in an area where you suspect hydrocarbon vapors are present, do not light a match, start an engine, or even switch on an electric light.
Call 9-1-1
Notify the pipeline operator

Pipeline contents can vary greatly

Pipelines carry both gaseous and liquid materials
Many liquids form gaseous vapor clouds when released
Many pipelines contain colorless and odorless products
Some pipeline gases are lighter than air and will rise
Other heavier-than-air gases and liquids will stay near the ground and collect in low spots
All petroleum gases and liquids are flammable
Any pipeline leak can be potentially dangerous
Excavators and homeowners should dial 811 is 1-800-272-3020 to reach LA One Call before starting any digging projects on or near any pipelines These projects include fences, flagpoles, landscaping, storage buildings, foundations, swimming pools, ground clearing, deep plowing, laying underground pipe or wiring, or any other “digging” projects.
LAonecall

Pipeline safety

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Improving Air Quality

Tip 1: Limit Your Driving
  • Avoid driving during peak traffic periods.
  • Try not to drive at all, especially during the morning and early afternoon.
  • Organize your trips to combine errands into one trip
  • Consider other commuting options, such as public transit and ride-sharing.
Tip 2: Drive Emission Wise
  • If you must drive, use the least polluting of your vehicles.
  • Where available, use clean fuels, avoid excessive idling, and areas of congestion.
  • Stop and start evenly.
  • Drive at a steady speed. Drive at medium speeds.
  • Travel light.
  • Consider fuel efficiency when buying a new car.
Tip 3: Refuel Carefully
  • Refuel after 6 PM, if possible.
  • Avoid spills and don’t try to top off your tank.
Tip 4: Maintain Your Vehicle
  • Engine performance, emission control systems, and tire inflation are important.
  • Don’t remove or tamper with pollution controls.
  • Get regular engine tune-ups and car maintenance checks.
  • Use an energy-conserving grade of motor oil. An EC multi-grade can improve your mileage by as much as 15 percent.
Tip 5: Live Emission Wise
  • Buy low emission household products.
  • Buy electric or fuel-efficient motorized equipment.
  • Conserve electricity.
  • Avoid spilling gas when refueling gasoline-powered lawn, garden, farm, and construction equipment and boats.
  • Properly dispose of household paints, solvents and pesticides.
  • Seal containers tightly.
  • Reduce waste.
Tip 6: Delay or Reschedule Lawncare
  • Reschedule or delay lawn care employing gas-powered equipment until after 6 PM.
Tip 7: Postpone Oil-Based Paint and Solvent Use
  • Where possible, use water based products.
  • Avoid oil-based paint and solvent use on days when elevated ozone levels are expected.
Tip 8: Barbecue with Electric or Chimney Starters
  • Avoid the use of lighter fluid, since it vaporizes into the air and can contribute to ozone formation.
Tip 9: Conserve Energy in Your Home
  • Conserving electricity reduces air pollution.
  • Purchase energy efficient heating and air-conditioning systems.
  • Purchase energy efficient appliances.
  • Make sure your home is well insulated.
  • Purchase energy efficient lighting.
  • Purchase Energy Star labeled office equipment.
Tip 10: Spread the Word
  • Learn what you can do to help clear the air.
  • Share what you learn.
  • Join a community group that is working to improve air quality. To obtain air quality information go to www.airnow.gov

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Cybersecurity

The Internet is a useful tool for providing information for education, music, shopping and travel.  Most people use the Internet with good intentions. However, be aware of dangers and implement best practices so that you can use the Internet safely and with confidence.

Internet Best Practices for Safety & Security¹

  1. Exercise common sense.  If something seems too good to be true, it probably is.  Trust your instincts.
  2. Protect your identity. Don’t use a username you’ve used with any website in your e-mail address.  Deal with sites that use encryption.  Do not use the same password for every online account.
  3. Avoid use of personal credit cards. Use prepaid, single use cards for Internet purchases.  Use secure sites with https: rather than http://.  The “s” stands for “secure socket layer” and received data is encrypted.
  4. Monitor your financial accounts with online alerts.
  5. Be cautious when downloading. Always scan downloads with antivirus software.
  6. Keep your web browser up-to-date.
  7. Use strong passwords. Your passwords should include eight characters or more that also use a combination of numbers, letters and symbols.  Do not share your passwords.
  8. Use privacy settings on social networking websites.

Protect Your Computer, Smart Phone and Pad¹

  • Keep your firewall turned on
  • Install or update antivirus software
  • Keep your operating system up-to-date
  • Be careful what you download, including apps
  • Turn off your computer

¹Article source:  moneycrashers.com/dark-web

Online Gaming²

Parents need to supervise online gaming as much as possible.  Be aware and wary of games that feature IM (instant messaging).

Social Media and Apps²

Social media sites and apps are an important part of how we all use the Internet.  Most social media sites, including Facebook, SnapChat, Twitter, Instagram and TikTok require users be at least 13 years old.  By accessing these platforms earlier than age 13, young children are at an increased risk of encountering inappropriate content.

²www.missingkids.org/netsmartz/topics/socialmedia

 

PARENTAL TIPS³

  1. Monitor children’s social media sites, apps and browsing history.
  2. Review or re-set your child’s privacy settings.
  3. Follow or friend your child on social media.
  4. Stay up-to-date on the latest apps, social media platforms and digital slang.
  5. Know your child’s user names and passwords for email and social media.
  6. Establish rules about appropriate digital behavior, content and apps.

³Article source:  https://stopbullying.gov/cyberbullying/digital-awareness-for-parents/index.html

Did you know that one of the kid’s most popular apps gives complete strangers access to chat with them online?

It is important that children play games that are age-appropriate.  Ratings such as https://ESRB.org and https://CommonSenseMedia.org  can help you decide if a game is appropriate.

 

Please visit the National Cybersecurity Awareness web site at https://niccs.us-cert.gov and Department of Homeland Security to learn about the Stop Think Connect campaign.  https://dhs.gov/stopthinkconnect

 

Protect Yourself from Online Fraud

You are vulnerable whenever you are online.

  • Practice safe web surfing by checking for the padlock icon in your browser bar indicating a secure connection.
  • Avoid free Internet access with no encryption.
  • Do not reveal personally identifiable information such as your bank account or social security number.

 

If You’ve Been Compromised⁴

Keep all evidence of the interaction and write down the date and time the incident occurred

Contact law enforcement to file a report.

If you received an online solicitation, make a report at www.cybertipline.com or call 1-800-843-5678

If you are the victim of online fraud, report it to the Department of Justice at www.justice.gov/criminal/cybercrime/reporting.

⁴https://dhs.gov/stopthinkconnect

Mobile Security

Identify Theft and Internet Scams

Social Media Cybersecurity

Student Tip Card K-8

Student Tip Card 9-12

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Active Shooter

If you find yourself in an active shooting event, how to recognize signs of potential violence around you, and what to expect after an active shooting takes place.  Remember during an active shooting to RUN. HIDE. FIGHT.

Be Informed

  • Sign up for an active shooter training.
  • If you see something, say something to an authority right away.
  • Sign up to receive local emergency alerts and register your work and personal contact information with any work sponsored alert system.
  • Be aware of your environment and any possible dangers.

Make a Plan

  • Make a plan with your family, and ensure everyone knows what they would do, if confronted with an active shooter.
  • Look for the two nearest exits anywhere you go, and have an escape path in mind & identify places you could hide.
  • Understand the plans for individuals with disabilities or other access and functional needs.

During:

RUN and escape, if possible.

  • Getting away from the shooter or shooters is the top priority.
  • Leave your belongings behind and get away.
  • Help others escape, if possible, but evacuate regardless of whether others agree to follow.
  • Warn and prevent individuals from entering an area where the active shooter may be.
  • Call 911 when you are safe, and describe shooter, location, and weapons.

HIDE, if escape is not possible.

  • Get out of the shooter’s view and stay very quiet.
  • Silence all electronic devices and make sure they won’t vibrate.
  • Lock and block doors, close blinds, and turn off lights.
  • Don’t hide in groups- spread out along walls or hide separately to make it more difficult for the shooter.
  • Try to communicate with police silently. Use text message or social media to tag your location, or put a sign in a window.
  • Stay in place until law enforcement gives you the all clear.
  • Your hiding place should be out of the shooter’s view and provide protection if shots are fired in your direction.

FIGHT as an absolute last resort.

  • Commit to your actions and act as aggressively as possible against the shooter.
  • Recruit others to ambush the shooter with makeshift weapons like chairs, fire extinguishers, scissors, books, etc.
  • Be prepared to cause severe or lethal injury to the shooter.
  • Throw items and improvise weapons to distract and disarm the shooter.

After:

  • Keep hands visible and empty.
  • Know that law enforcement’s first task is to end the incident, and they may have to pass injured along the way.
  • Officers may be armed with rifles, shotguns, and/or handguns and may use pepper spray or tear gas to control the situation.
  • Officers will shout commands and may push individuals to the ground for their safety.
  • Follow law enforcement instructions and evacuate in the direction they come from, unless otherwise instructed.
  • Take care of yourself first, and then you may be able to help the wounded before first responders arrive.
  • If the injured are in immediate danger, help get them to safety.
  • While you wait for first responders to arrive, provide first aid. Apply direct pressure to wounded areas and use tourniquets if you have been trained to do so.
  • Turn wounded people onto their sides if they are unconscious and keep them warm.
  • Consider seeking professional help for you and your family to cope with the long-term effects of the trauma.

For more information, useful videos and additional resources regarding Active Shooter situations, please visit https://www.ready.gov/active-shooter

Active Shooter Information Sheet

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Suspicious Activity & Terrorism

REPORT SUSPICIOUS ACTIVITY

Prompt and thorough reporting of suspicious activities may prevent a terrorist attack. When reporting suspicious activity, it is helpful to give the most accurate description possible of the situation, including:

  • Brief Description of the Activity
  • Date, Time and Location of the Activity
  • Physical Identifiers of the Person(s) Observed
  • Vehicle Descriptor Information
  • Where Any Suspicious Persons May Have Gone
  • Your Name and Contact Information (optional)

TIPS FOR REPORTING

Being aware of signs indicative of terrorist planning can aid law enforcement in the discovery of possible terrorist activity. If you believe you have information that would help authorities, you are encouraged to do the following:

  • Call 911 for life threatening emergencies
  • Fusion Center Hotline – 1-800-434-8007 (24 Hour Assistance)
  • LSP Suspicious Activity Online Report (These complaints are received and processed during normal business hours, Monday – Friday. In case of an emergency, dial 911.)
  • LA-SAFE E-Mail – lafusion.center@la.gov (These e-mails are received and processed during normal business hours, Monday – Friday. In case of an emergency, dial 911.)
  • “See Something Send Something” mobile application

7 SIGNS OF TERRORISM

Certain activities, especially those at or near sensitive facilities, including government, military or other high profile sites or places where large numbers of people congregate, may indicate terrorist planning phases. Suspicious activities of interest that should be reported to law enforcement are commonly referred to as the 7 Signs of Terrorism.

  1. Surveillance: Recording or monitoring activities. May include drawing diagrams, note taking, use of cameras, binoculars or other vision-enhancing devices or possessing floor plans or blueprints of key facilities.
  2. Elicitation: Attempts to obtain operation, security and personnel-related information regarding a key facility. May be made by mail, fax, e-mail, telephone or in person.
  3. Tests of Security: Attempts to measure reaction times to security breaches or to penetrate physical security barriers or procedures in order to assess strengths and weaknesses.
  4. Acquiring Supplies: Attempts to improperly acquire items that could be used in a terrorist act. May include the acquisition of explosives, weapons, harmful chemicals, flight manuals, law enforcement or military equipment, uniforms, identification badges or the equipment to manufacture false identification.
  5. Suspicious Persons: Someone who does not appear to belong in a workplace, neighborhood or business establishment due to their behavior, including unusual questions or statements they make.
  6. Dry Runs/Trial Runs: Behavior that appears to be preparation for a terrorist act without actually committing the act. Activity could include mapping out routes and determining the timing of traffic lights and flow.
  7. Deploying Assets: Placing people, equipment and supplies into position to commit the act. This is the last opportunity to alert authorities before the terrorist act occurs.

http://la-safe.org/tips.html

Also visit:  https://www.dhs.gov/topic/preventing-terrorism

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Home Heating Safety

  • Read labels and follow all warning and lighting instructions.
  • Keep clear space around heating equipment.
  • All home fuel burning equipment should be inspected yearly by an expert. Fuel burning heaters used to warm the house should be vented to the outside. If you must use an unvented heater, be sure to leave a window open at least one inch and turn off at night.
  • Do not use a gas range or oven for heating a room. Never use a charcoal grill inside. Never close a fireplace vent until the fire is completely extinguished.
  • Internal combustion engines; such as automobiles, boats, lawnmowers, and generators produce lethal amounts of CO. Never run these engines in a closed or confined area
  • Inspect chimneys, stovepipes, flues, and connectors to be sure they are clean and in good repair.
  • If you smell a strong gas odor, turn off the pilot light, and do not operate electrical switches. Call the gas company from another location.
  • Turn off heating equipment if you smell fumes, your eyes sting, or you become dizzy or nauseous while it is operating, or if it has a fluttering or yellow flame.
  • Do not use a space heater if the ceramic radiants are broken or out of place.
  • Never store or use flammable liquids like gasoline, cleaning fluid or paint thinners near heating equipment.
  • Never smoke while working with gas powered equipment.
  • If your heating equipment has a pilot light and you have trouble keeping it lit or if the control valve is hard to operate, call the gas company to have it serviced.

Home heating safety

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Protecting Your Home From Weather Hazards

RETROFITTING – Protecting your home from hazards

Retrofitting means making changes to existing buildings to protect them from hazards. More information on retrofitting can be found in Homeowner’s Guide to Retrofitting: Six Ways to Protect Your House from Flooding, FEMA publication 312: available from FEMA Publications 800-480-2520 or http://www.fema.gov/rebuild/mat/fema312.shtm

WIND-HURRICANES-TORNADOES

The force of a windstorm pushes against the foundation of your home. This force is transferred from your roof to the exterior walls and finally to the foundation. Homes can be damaged or destroyed when the energy from the wind is not properly transferred to the ground.
If you live in an area prone to high winds, make sure your roof is firmly secured to the main frame of the residence. Consider building a wind-safe room or shelter in your home to protect yourself. For more information, see Taking Shelter From the Storm: Building a Safe Room Inside Your House, FEMA publication 320: available from FEMA Publications 800-480-2520 or http://www.fema.gov/library/viewRecord.do?id=1536

There are several additional steps you can take to reduce wind damages and losses, including the following:

  • Apply roof bracing using truss bracing, gable end bracing, and hurricane straps.
  • Secure light fixtures and other items that could fall or shake loose in such events.
  • Move heavy or breakable objects to low shelves.
  • Anchor water heaters and bolt them to wall stud.
  • Purchase storm shutters for exterior windows and doors to protect your home against high winds.

CONTACT INFO:

To learn more about hazard mitigation measures that you can take to reduce your risk from disasters, visit FEMA’s website, http://www.fema.gov, or call 1-800-480-2520 to have a list of available mitigation publications mailed to your home or office.

Other hazard mitigation contacts for Iberville Parish include:Iberville Parish Office of Emergency Preparedness

P.O. Box 324
Plaquemine, LA 70764
Phone: 225-687-5140
www.ibervilleparish.com

Iberville Parish National Flood Insurance
Program Coordinator
Brian Romero
Building Inspector
58050 Meriam Street
Plaquemine, LA 70764
Phone: 225-687-5150

Governor’s Office of Homeland Security and Emergency Preparedness

7667 Independence Boulevard
Baton Rouge, LA 70806
Phone: 225-925-7500
www.gohsep.la.gov

FEMA Region VI Federal Regional Center

800 North Loop 288
Denton, TX 76209-3606
Phone: 940-898-5399

FEMA Headquarters

500 C Street, SW
Washington, D.C. 20472
Phone: 800-621-3362
www.fema.gov

Protecting your home from weather hazards

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